Ensuring Children Develop a Habit Brushing Teeth

by: Dan Florell, Ph.D.

“Are you sure you brushed your teeth?” the father asked his son. His son solemnly nodded. His father said, “Let me smell your breath.” The son obligingly opened his mouth. Finally, the father said, “I need to check and see if your toothbrush is wet.” This type of exchange happens in many households as children often do not brush their teeth, even when told to…

Young Children and Their Friendships

by: Dan Florell, Ph.D.

A little girl breathlessly runs up to her mother in the park and says, “I just made my new best friend!” The mother is very happy for her daughter and asks several follow-up questions like, “What’s your friend’s name?” and “Does she live around here?” Her daughter just says, “I don’t know” to each question but then adds, “We were both playing in the sandbox…

Teasing and Bullying in Grade School

by: Dan Florell, Ph.D.

The mother had a sense something was wrong when her second grader came home from school and threw his backpack angrily into a corner. She gently encouraged him to tell her what was wrong. Her son said, “Billy said I was the slowest kid in class in getting my math done even though I am not. He is just a big bully. I hate Billy.”…

Changes that Occur in Teens’ Cognition

by: Dan Florell, Ph.D.

It seems to happen almost overnight. One day parents are sitting down helping their child learn to read and do basic math problems. The next day, the child is explaining to her parents how to do algebra and the finer points of the scientific process. Something has obviously changed but what exactly has changed regarding adolescent cognition is more of a mystery. Underlying adolescent changes in…